Also known as Mithila Painting, Madhubani is an important part of Bihar’s culture. This age old art is done by the use of fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns. These paintings are mostly made by the women of Bihar and thus it holds great importance. If you happen to be in Bihar, make sure to shop for some of these paintings to add colour to your living rooms.
Tikuli art has a deep historical significance associated with it. ‘Tikuli’ is the term that is locally used for bindis, which are essentially colourful dots that women wear as accessories between their eyebrows. The bindi has been a symbol for the intellectual capacity of the feminine for time immemorial. In contemporary Bihar, it serves as a symbol of empowerment for women.
Patna School of Painting or Patna Qalaam or Patna Kalam or Company painting is a style of Indian Painting, which existed in Bihar, India in the 18th and 19th centuries. Patna Qalaam was world’s first independent school of painting which dealt exclusively with the commoner and his lifestyle also helped Patna Kalam paintings gain in popularity.The Principal centers were Patna, Danapur and Arrah.
The Sujani embroidery work of Bihar, is a textile expressive art product, given protection under the GI registration act. It is usually a quilt or bed spread, which was earlier made of old clothes, but is now generally made of easily available fabric with embroidery done with the most simple stitches with motifs narrating stories. It is exclusively made by women in 15 villages of Bhusra in the Gaighat block of Muzaffarpur and a few villages of Madhubani in the Indian state of Bihar.
Lac is collected from forest and very commonly used for costume jewellery. In northern Bihar about one hundred tons of rejected lac which remains in the pack after squeezing, is used for bangle cores and the better quality lac is used for decoration. Lac bangles are worn by married women of the aboriginal tribal people of Bihar including Bhumij, Mo, Munda, Oraon and Santal tribes. Lampshades, toddlers push carts, serving bowls, nose rings decorated with bright red colour are few beautiful examples o craftsmanship.